Murad's Music Hub Husnlal Bhagatram - Murad's Music Hub

Archive for the ‘Husnlal Bhagatram’ Category

Husnlal Bhagatram

Friday, February 4th, 2011

Husnlal Bhagatram

Husnlal Bhagatram are considered to be the first pair of music directors in Indian Film Industry, way back in 1944. It is said that the concept of music directors duo started with them. They served the bollywood in the era of Naushad, Anil Biswas and C. Ramachandra. They trained famous music director Shankar of Shankar Jaikishan.

Husnlal & Bhagatram were the first Hindi film music directors to work as a duo. Bhagatram was an ace harmonium player and Husnlal was an accomplished violinist and a good classical singer. They were younger brothers of the famous composer of the 40′s, Pandit Amarnath, and both worked as his assistants.

In 1944, the duo got their first break in the film Chand. The song, ‘Do Dilon Ko Yeh Duniya’ sung by Manju, was their very first hit. Husnlal – Bhagatram popularised Punjabi folk music, and featured its lilt and rhythm in their music compositions. In the late 1940s, they became the most celebrated composers with the success of films like Pyar Ki Jeet and Badi Bahen.

Their song, ‘Ek Dil Ke Tukde Hazaar Huye’ (Pyar Ki Jeet) sung by Mohammed Rafi brought in a new era of sad songs. They took a lot of pains to make sure this song was an instant hit. They also composed the famous song “Suno Suno Ai Duniya Walo, Bapu Ki Yeh Amar Kahani”, sung by Rafi.

They worked with highly acclaimed lyricists like Shewan Rizvi, Aarzu Lucknavi, Brajendra Gaud, Kaif Irfani, Sarshar Sailani, Nakshab Jarachavi, Qamar Jalalabadi, Asad Bhopali, Rajendar Krishan and Mulk Raj Bhakri. Besides Rafi, Husnlal – Bhagatram worked with famous playback singers like Ameerbai Karnataki, Suraiyya, Shamshad Begum, Zohrabai Ambala, Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Dutt, Suman Kalyanpur, and Kishore Kumar.

The duo parted ways by the late sixties. Husnlal left for Delhi and Bhagatram stayed on in Bombay. Today, Husnlal’s family resides in Delhi, and Bhagatram’s younger son Ashok Sharma is a noted sitar player with Doordarshan.

The duo was born in Village Kahma, District Jalandhar, Punjab.

Husnlal & Bhagatram became the first music director who worked as a pair. They got their first break in the film ‘Chand’ in 1944. They gave their first hit with ‘Do dilon ko yeh duniya milne bhi nahin deti..’ sung by Manju.

Husnlal and Bhagatram were younger brothers of Pandit Amarnath, a famous composer of the 40′s. Husnlal was accomplished violinist, and also a good classical singer. Bhagatram was an ace Harmonium player. They both worked as assistants for Pandit Amarnath.

Husnlal & Bhagatram beacme the first music director who worked as a pair. They got their first break in the film ‘Chand’ in 1944. They gave their first hit with ‘Do Dilon Ko Yeh Duniya..’ sung by Manju. Husnlal Bhagatram popularised Punjabi folk music, and their range of music has a rare lilt and rhythm. They became the most sought after composers with the success of films like ‘Pyar Ki Jeet’ and ‘Badi Bahen’ in the late 1940′s.

Though many sad songs have been recorded before the song ‘Ek Dil Ke Tukde Hazaar Huye..’ (Pyar Ki Jeet) sung by Mohd. Rafi, got released. But  this song  gave a new dimensions to the sad songs. Mohd. Rafi got many sad songs after this one. According to Husnlal Bhagatram they had  to put great efforts to make this song an instant hit. ‘Ek Dil Ke..’ was  written by  Qamar Jalalabadi, but according to him he did not  wrote this song for ‘Pyar Ki Jeet’. He wrote it for ‘Sindoor’ in 1941 but  Shashidhar Mukherji, director of ‘Sindoor’ rejected the song  and declared it ‘useless’. Later, O P Dutta, director of ‘Pyar Ki Jeet’  heard it and was so excited that he changed the picturisation  according to the demand of the song, and Husnlal Bhagatram proved  him right, as the song became an instant hit soon after the  release of the film.

Husnlal Bhagatram gave first break to Panjabi folk singer Surinder Kaur in ‘Pyar Ki Jeet’. Surinder Kaur sang four songs in  ’Pyar Ki Jeet’. Before ‘Pyar Ki Jeet’ Surinder Kaur used to sing  Panjabi non-film songs, and with ‘Pyar Ki Jeet’ she came to  Bombay. It was a major break for her.

Their songs became a big rage. They composed the famous song “Suno Suno Ai Duniya Walo, Bapu Ki Yeh Amar Kahani”, sung  by Mohd. Rafi. This song became very popular all over the nation. Husnlal Bhagatram mostly used voices of Rafi, Lata, and  Suraiya, who sang her own playback. They used songs written by Qamar Jalalabadi for most of their films.

They parted ways by the late sixties. Husnlal left for Delhi and Bhagatram stayed on in Bombay. Husnlal died in December  1968, and Bhagatram expired in November 1973. Husnlal’s family resides in Delhi, and Bhagatram’s son Ashok Sharma is a noted  sitarist with Doordarshan, and lives in Mumbai with family.

Filmography

Films to their credits include:

Chand (in 1944, their first movie as a pair)

Meean Bazaar

Afsana

Aansoo

Amar Kahani

Apsara

Badi Behan

Balam

Farmaaish

Nargis

Trolly Driver

Gauna

Aaj Ki Raat

Adl-E-Jahangir

Bansaria

Sher Afghan

Pyaar Ki Manzil

Kafila

Jal Tarang

Aadhi Raat

Rakhi

Mr. Chakram

Naach

Chhoti Bhabhi

Sawan Bhado

Songs:

Aa Aankhon Mein Aa

Aaj Bahaaron Ne Masti Ke

Aankhon Mein Aansu Hothon Pe Fariyaad Le Chale

Ab To Aa Jaao

Kya Bataayen Ki Muhabbat Ki Kahaani Kya Hai

Kya Jaane Amiri Jo Gareebi Ka Maza Hai

Kya Kahoon Sakhi Aaj Main

Kya Sukh Paaya Tune Mera Dil Todake

Kyon Dil Mein Mere Base Ho

Kyon Jhooki Jaati Hain Nazaren

Likhanewaale Ne Likh Di

Lo Jawaani Ka Zamaana Aa Gaya

Lut Gaye Ho Pyaar Mein Tere Lut Gaye

Lut Gayi Hai Kisiki Jawaani

Maahi Ho Maahi Ho Dupatta Mera De De

Maangi Muhabbat Paayi Judaai

Yeh Teri Kahaani Hai Aur Meri Jawaani Hai

Yeh To Chala Mere Khuda Lut Gaya Mera Pyaar Kyon

Zara Tumne Dekha To Pyaar Aa Gaya