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Raichand Boral

Sunday, July 1st, 2012

Raichand Boral

Raichand Boral

Raichand Boral

Rai Chand (R.C.) Boral (19 October 1903–25 November 1981) was an Indian composer, considered by music conoisseurs to be the father of Bollywood film music.

Boral was born in Calcutta. His father, Lal Chand Boral was a classical musician (expert of Dhrupad). He had three sons, and Rai Chand was the youngest. Musicians from Rampur and Gwalior were invited for lessons. These include Ustad Mushtaq Hussain Khan, Masit Khan (tabla player), and Ustad Hafeez Ali Khan (sarod player). Rai Chand learnt “Sath Sangat” on the tabla and attended music conferences in Lucknow, Allahabad, and Benares.
Rai Chand joined the Indian Broadcasting Company in the year of its inception, 1927. In 1931, he shifted to the New Theatres in the silent era for supporting the stage with live music. He dissolved the Ghazal style of singing from Northern India into the 19th Century Bengali tunes with string instrument medium. In 1935, he introduced playback singing for the first time in the Hindi feature film Dhoop Chhaon (1935). The song, “Main Khush Hona Chahun”, had an all women chorus led by Parul Ghosh with Suprabha Sarkar and Harimati picturised in a dance sequence. R.C. Boral came to Bombay in 1953. After coming to Bombay, he composed music for Dard-e-Dil (1953) with Lata’s songs. Music for some basic records were composed by him. Anjangarh (1948) was his last famous film with New Theatres. He is correctly complemented by late Anil Biswas as the Father of Indian Cinema Music. He had directed music of 70-75 (?) films (excluding live scores of silent movies) including Hindi and Bengali films. He received the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1978 at the age of 75. He died in 1981 at the age of 78.

Hindi Filmography

  • Mohabbat Ke Aansoo(1932)
  • Zinda Laash (1932)
  • Subah Ka Sitaara(1933)
  • Pooran Bhagat(1933)
  • Meerabai(1933)
  • Chandidas1934)
  • Dakoo Mansoor(1934)
  • Mohabbat ki Kasauti(1934)
  • After the Earthquake(1935)?
  • Karwan-e-Hayaat(1935) (with Mihirkiron Bhattacharya)
  • Dhoop Chhaon(1935) (with Pankaj Mullick)
  • Inquilab(1935)
  • Manzil(1936) (with Pankaj Mullick)
  • Millionaire (Krorepati)(1936) (with Pankaj Mullick)
  • Anath Aashram 1937
  • Vidyapati 1937
  • President 1937 (with Pankaj Mullick)
  • Abhagin 1938
  • Street Singer 1938
  • Jawani Ki Reet 1939
  • Sapera 1939
  • Haar Jeet 1940
  • Lagan 1941
  • Nari 1942 (not sure Bengali or Hindi)
  • Saugand 1942
  • Waapas 1943
  • Humrahi 1945
  • Wasiatnaama 1945
  • Anjangarh 1948
  • Pahela Admi 1950
  • Swami Vivekanand 1950 (1955?)
  • Dard-e-Dil 1953
  • Shree Chaitanya Mahaprabhu 1953
  • Amar Saigal 1955 (with Pankaj Mullick and Timir Baran)

Bengali Filmography

  • Dena Paona (1931)
  • Punarjanma 1932
  • Chirakumar Sabha 1932
  • Palli Samaj 1932
  • Chandidas 1932
  • Rajrani Meera 1932
  • Mastuto Bhai 1933
  • Kapalkundala 1933
  • Meerabai 1933
  • Ruplekha 1934
  • Excuse Me Sir 1934
  • Debdas 1935 (with Pankaj Mullick)
  • Bhagyachakra 1935
  • Grihadaha 1936 (with Pankaj Mullick)
  • Maya 1936 (with Pankaj Mullick)
  • Barababu 1937
  • Didi 1937 (with Pankaj Mullick)
  • Bidypati 1937
  • Abhigyan 1938
  • Sathi 1938
  • Sapudey 1939
  • Rajat Jayani 1939
  • Parajay 1939
  • Abhinetri 1940
  • Parichay 1941
  • Prastisruti 1941
  • Udayer Pathey 1944
  • Biraj Bou 1946
  • Anjangarh 1948
  • Mantramugda 1949
  • Bishnupriya 1949
  • Mantramugdha 1949
  • Bara Bou 1950
  • Sparshamani 1951
  • Paritran 1952
  • Maa 1952
  • Neelachaley Mohaprabhu 1957
  • Sagar Sangame 1959
  • Natun Fasal 1960