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Ravi Shankar Sharma

Tuesday, June 26th, 2012

Ravi Shankar Sharma

Ravi Shankar Sharma (3 March 1926 – 7 March 2012), often referred to mononymously as Ravi, was an Indian music director, who had composed music for several Hindi and Malayalam films. After a successful career in Hindi cinema, he took a break from 1970s to 1984, and made a successful comeback under the stage name Bombay Ravi. He died on 7 March 2012 in Mumbai at the age of 86.
Ravi was born in Delhi on March 3, 1926. He had no formal training in classical music; instead he learned music from listening to his father sing bhajans. He taught himself to play harmonium and other classical instruments and worked as an electrician to support his family. In 1950 he decided to shift to Bombay and become a professional singer. At first Ravi was homeless, living on the streets and sleeping in Malad railway station at night.
In 1952, Ravi was discovered by Hemant Kumar who hired him to sing backing vocals in Vande Mataram from the film Anand Math. Ravi gave several hit songs and received Filmfare nominations for these films: Chaudhvin Ka Chand (1960), Do Badan (1966), Humraaz (1967), Ankhen (1968), and Nikaah (1982). He won Filmfare awards for Gharana (1961) and Khandaan (1965). His other successful films include Waqt, Neel Kamal and Gumraah. His songs Aaj mere yaar ki shaadi hai, Babul ki duyaen leti ja and Doli chadh ke dulhan sasural chali became very popular in wedding celebrations.
Ravi was one of the music directors who shaped the career of Asha Bhosle with songs like Tora man darpan. He was also instrumental in making Mahendra Kapoor a popular singer in Bollywood. After a successful career in Hindi films during the 1950s and 1960s, he took a long break after 1970 till 1982. In 1982, he gave music for the Hindi film Nikaah, and one of the film’s songs Dil ke armaan aansooyon main beh gaye sung by Salma Agha won her the Filmfare Best Female Playback Award. His songs Aaj mere yar ki shadi hai (Aadmi Sadak Ka) and Babu Ki Duaen Leti Ja (Neel Kamal), both sung by Mohammad Rafi became popular wedding songs.
In the 1980s, he made a comeback as a music director in Malayalam (and some Hindi) films as Bombay Ravi. During 1986, the Malayalam director Hariharan convinced him to make this comeback[citation needed]. The first movie was Panchagni. The songs Saagarangale and Aa raatri maanju poyi (sung by Yesudas and Chitra) were hits. That same year, Hariharan’s Nakhakshathangal also came out and Chithra won her second National Award for the song Manjalprasaadavum from the same film. All the songs from the Malayalam movie Vaisali released in 1989 were super hits and Chithra won her third National Award for the song “Indupushpam Choodi Nilkum” from the same film. Ravi has composed for many films produced by South Indian banners: Ghoonghat, Gharana Grihasti, Aurat, Samaj ko badal dalo (Gemini), Meherban, Do Kaliyan (AVM), Bharosa, Khandaan (Vasu Films).
Filmography

[edit]Hindi
Albeli (1955)
Vachan (1955)
Ek Saal (1957)
Narsi Bhagat (1957)
Dilli Ka Thug (1958)
Dulhan (1958)
Ghar Sansar (1958)
Mehndi (1958)
Chirag Kahan Roshni Kahan (1959)
Nai Raahen (1959)
Pehli Raat (1959)
Apna Ghar (1960)
Chaudhvin Ka Chand (1960)
Ghunghat (1960)
Tu Nahin Aur Sahi (1960)
Modern Girl (1961)
Gharana (1961)
Nazrana (1961)
Pyaar Ka Saagar (1961)
Wanted (1961)
Salaam Memsaheb (1961)
China Town (1962)
Raakhi (1962)
Tower House (1962)
Bombay Ka Chor (1962)
Aaj Aur Kal (1963)
Gehra Daag (1963)
Gumrah (1963)
Nartaki (1963)
Ustadon Ke Ustaad (1963)
Yeh Raaste Hain Pyaar Ke (1963)
Bharosa (1963)
Mulzim (1963)
Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya (1963)
Grahasthi (1963)-
Kaun Apna Kaun Paraya (1963)
Door Ki Awaaz (1964)
Shehnai (1964)
Kaajal (1965)
Khandaan (1965)
Waqt (1965)
Bahu Beti (1965)
Do Badan (1966)
Dus Lakh (1966)
Phool Aur Patthar (1966)
Sagaai (1966)
Yeh Zindagi Kitni Haseen Hai (1966)
Aurat (1967)
Humraaz (1967)
Meharban (1967)
Nayi Roshni (1967)
Aankhen (1968)
Do Kaliyaan (1968)
Gauri (1968)
Man Ka Meet (1968)
Neel Kamal (1968)
Paisa Ya Pyaar (1969)
Aadmi Aur Insaan (1969)
Anmol Moti (1969)
Badi Didi (1969)
Doli (1969)
Ek Phool Do Mali (1969)
Dharkan (1972)
Dhund (1973)
Mehmaan (1973)
Umeed (1974)
Ek Mahal Ho Sapnon Ka (1975)
Aadmi Sadak Ka (1977)
Nikaah (1982)
Aaj Ki Awaaz (1983)
Tawaif (1984)
Ek Alag Mausam (2003)
[edit]Malayalam (as Bombay Ravi & Ravi Bombay)
Panchagni (1986)
Nakhakshathangal (1986)
Vaishali (1988)
Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha (1989)
Vidhyarambham (1990)
Sargam (1992)
Sukrutham (1992)
Ghazal (1993)
Padheyam (1993)
Parinayam (1994)
Kalivaakku (Film Not Released)(1996)
Five Star Hospital (1997)
Manassil Oru Manjuthulli (2000)
Mayookham (2005)
[edit]Non-movie audio album (Malayalam)
Aavani Kanavukal (1997)

Ravi (Ravishanker Sharma in real life) is one of those few composers in whose compositions, melody, rather than orchestral embellishment, predominates. Having started his career with Goel’s ‘Vachan’ in 1955 Ravi scored music in more than 100 films. After the success of ‘Chaudhvin Ka Chand’ (1960) he was ranked with the major composers of that time. His hummable songs such as ‘Ek woh bhi Diwali thi..’ sung by Mukesh, ‘Wafa jinse ki bewafa ho gaye..’ sung by Mukesh are as much popular as ‘Sub kuchh loota ke hosh men aye to kya kiya..’ sung by Lata, which is profound and steeped in sadness.

Ravi who came to Bombay in 1950 to be a singer had no formal training in classical music. Yet as a music director he composed some of the most memorable classical songs such as ‘Lage na mora jiya, sajana..’sung by Lata and ‘Darshan do Ghanshyam..’ by Hemant Kumar, Sudha and Manna Dey. His song ‘Jeevan jyot jale..’ sung by Asha from ‘Grihasthi’ won him the Sur Singar Samsad award for the best classical song of the year. It is not an exaggeration to say that Ravi’s songs have been beggars’ delight as the latter survive by singing his melodies such as ‘Ek paisa dede o babu..’, (Vachan), ‘Garibon ki suno woh tumhari sunega..’ (Dus Lakh). During the 33 years of his career, Ravi had his share of success. Unlike some of the modern composers he has not become a part of the rat race. Producers who care for sweetness in melodies still come to him.

Ravi gave several hit songs in films like Chaudhvin Ka Chand, Humraaz, Waqt, Neel Kamal and Gumraah. His songs Aaj mere yaar ki shaadi hai, Babul ki duyaen leti ja and Doli chadh ke dulhan sasural chali became very popular in wedding celebrations. He was one of the music directors who shaped the career of Asha Bhosle with songs like Tora man darpan. He was also instrumental in making Mahendra Kapoor a popular singer in Bollywood. He won several Filmfare awards for his music, including for Gharana(1961). After a successful career in Hindi films during 1950s and 1960s, he took a long break after 1970 till 1982. In 1982, he gave music for the Hindi film Nikaah with the song Dil ke armaan aansooyon main beh gaye sung by Salma Agha.

In 1980s, he made a comeback as a music director in Malayalam (and some Hindi) films as Bombay Ravi. During 1984, the famous Malayalam director Hariharan convinced him to start a second innings especially for his lovers in South India. The first movie was Panchagni. The songs saagarangaLE and aa raatri maanju poyi (sung by Yesudas and Chitra) were hits. Ravi released some albums thereafter. Ravi has composed for many films produced by South Indian banners – Ghoonghat, Gharana, Grihasti, Aurat, Samaj ko badal dalo (Gemini), Meherban, Do kaliyan (AVM) Bharosa, Khandaan (Vasu films). So his trips to Madras were frequent. In fact he mentions that he was close to the late Sivaji Ganesan.

Filmography

* Chaudhvin Ka Chand (1960)

* Gharana (1961)

* China Town (1962)

* Do Badan (1965)

* Kaajal (1965)

* Waqt (1965)

* Aurat (1967}

* Humraaz (1967)

* Aankhen (1968)

* Neel Kamal (1968)

* Aadmi Aur Insaan (1969)

* Anmol Moti (1969)

* Badi Didi (1969)

* Doli (1969)

* Ek Phool Do Mali (1969)

* Dharkan (1972)

* Dhund (1973)

* Mehmaan (1973)

* Nikaah (1982)

* Tawaif (1984)

* Do Kaliyaan (1968)

* Gauri (1968)

* Man Ka Meet (1968)

* Aurat (1967)

* Mehrban (1967)

* Dus Lakh (1966)

* Phool Aur Patthar (1966)

* Sagaai (1966)

* Yeh Zindagi Kitni Haseen Hai (1966)

* Khandaan (1965)

* Door Ki Awaaz (1964)

* Shehnai (1964)

* Aaj Aur Kal (1963)

* Bharosa (1963)

* Gehra Daag (1963)

* Gumrah (1963)

* Nartakee (1963)

* Pyar Ka Bandhan (1963)

* Ustadon Ke Ustad (1963)

* Yeh Raaste Hain Pyaar Ke (1963)

* Rakhi (1962)

* Tower House (1962)

* Ummeed (1962)

* Nazrana (1961)

* Pyaar Ka Saagar (1961)

* Wanted (1961)

* Apna Ghar (1960)

* Ghunghat (1960)

* Nai Raahen (1959)

* Pehli Raat (1959)

* Dilli Ka Thug (1958)

* Dulhan (1958)

* Ghar Sansar (1958)

* Mehndi (1958)

* Ek Saal (1957)

* Narsi Bhagat (1957)

* Albeli (1955)

* Ek Alag Mausam (2003)

* Vachan (1955)

* Modern Girl (1961)

* Salaam Memsaheb (1961)

* Bombay Ka Chor (1962)

* Bahu Beti (1965)

* Nai Roshani (1967)

* Ek Mahal Ho Sapnon Ka (1975)

* Paisa Ya Pyaar (1969)

* Chirag Kahan Roshini Kahan (1959)

Looking back on life, Ravi gives credit to music director Hemant Kumar and director Devendra Goel for having shaped his career as a music director and acknowledges grateful thanks to his wife (she died in 1988) for having stood by him when he was a struggling ‘nobody’. When he feels lonely Ravi gets lost in listening to the melodious music of the 40′s. It never fails to rejuvenate him and inspire him to create something worthwhile.