Roshan (Roshanlal Nagrath)
Roshanlal Nagrath (14 July 1917 – 16 November 1967), better known simply by his first name Roshan, was a Bollywood film music composer. He was the father of the actor and film director Rakesh Roshan and music director Rajesh Roshan and paternal grandfather of Hritik Roshan.
Roshan was born in Gujranwala, Punjab, British India (now part of Punjab in Pakistan). He began music lessons at a young age, and later attended Marris College (Bhatkhande College of Music) in Lucknow under the training of Pt. S N Ratanjankar (Principal of the University). In the early 1940s, Khawaja Khurshid Anwar, Programme Producer/Music, AIR Delhi, hired Roshan as Staff Artist for Esraj, the instrument which he used to play.
In 1948, Roshan came to Mumbai to find work as a Bollywood music director and became Assistant of Music Composer Khawaja Khurshid Anwar in film Singaar. He struggled until meeting Kidar Sharma, who gave him the job of composing for his film Neki aur Badi (1949). While this film was a flop, Roshan emerged as a player on the Bollywood music scene with the film Baawre Nain, released the following year.
In the early 1950s, Roshan worked with singers Mukesh and Talat Mahmood. Malhar, Shisham, and Anhonee were some of the movies that he scored during the ’50s. It was during this time that he composed, Aeiri main to prem diwani mera dard na jane koyi sung by Lata Mangeshkar for the movie Naubahaar. He was not always commercially successful. He gave Indeewar and Anand Bakshi their first breaks in the industry as lyricists; these two would later became two of the most sought-after songwriters in Mumbai from late 1960s onwards.
Anand Bakshi was given his first break in 1956 by Nissar Bazmi in the film Bhala Aadmi. Roshan gave Anand Bakshi the film CID Girl (1959), after Anand Bakshi wrote the 4 songs of Bhala Aadmi in 1956. Bhala Aadmi released in 1958. Anand Bakshi and Roshan gave a super hit music film DEVAR (1966).
The 1960s proved to be the golden age for Roshan and his music. His ability to mould folk music with Hindustani classical music became his trademark and resulted in movies scores. During this time Roshan gave hits such as Na to karavan ki talaash hai and Zindagi bhar nahi bhoolegi woh barsaat ki raat (Barsaat Ki Raat, 1960), Ab kya misaal doon and Kabhi to milegi, kahi to milegi (Aarti, 1962), Jo vada kiya vo nibhana padega, Paao chhoon lene do and Jurm-e-ulfat pe (Taj Mahal, 1963), Nigahen milane ko jee chahata hai and Laaga chunari mein daag (Dil Hi To Hai, 1963), Sansaar se bhaage phirte ho and Man re tu kaahe (Chitralekha, 1964), and Oh re taal mile and Khushi khushi kar do vida (Anokhi Raat, 1968). He composed some melodies for the movie Mamta (1966) like ‘Rahen na rahen hum’ and ‘Rehte the kabhi jinke dil mein’. Devar (1966): “Aaya hai mujhe phir yaad woh zalim, guzara zamana bachpan ka”; “Baharon ne mera chaman loot kar”; “Duniya mein aisa kahan sab ka naseeb hai”.
Roshan’s marked speciality was the Qawwali. He was known for the creation of hit qawwalies like “Na to karwaan ki talaash hai”, “Nigahen milane ko jee chahta hai”, “Na khanjar uthega, na Talwar tumse, Yeh baazoo mere aazmaye hue hain”
Roshan had been suffering from chronic heart trouble for over 20 years. He died of a heart attack in Bombay, Maharashtra, India, on 16 November 1967 aged 50, leaving behind a wife, three sons and a daughter. Besides immediate family, Roshan left great admirers of extended family—Nagrath and Khokha family.
Roshan was born as Roshan Lal Nagrath in a village of Gujranwala (Now in Pakistan) on 14 July 1917. He began to learn music from an early age . his first Guru was Manhar Barve. He travelled India with him . He studied music at the Morris College of Music, Lucknow. He took music lessons from Ustaad Allauddin Khan and later he joined the ‘Sarangi King’ Bundu Khan, to learn Sarangi. He got associated with All India Radio (Delhi) as a musician, in the early 40’s, for almost 10 years. He use to compose music for various radio programmes.
He came to Mumbai to pursue his career as a music director ,in 1948. Struggle followed before he met Kidar Sharma. In those days Kidar Sharma was making Neki Aur Badi and whose music was being looked up by music director Snehal Bhatkar. But, Kidar was so impressed by Roshan that he took him for his film after discussing the matter with Snehal Bhatkar. Roshan composed the music for Neki Aur Badi (1949), unfortunately the film was a flop. Inspite of the result Kidar offered Roshan his next venture Baawre Nain (1950). Roshan started freshly with the new assignment, this time he broke through with hits like ‘Khayalon Mein Kisike..’, ‘Sun Bairi Balam..’ and others.
He had a good alliance with Talat Mehmood and Mukesh in the 1950’s. In the 50’s, Roshan gave hits like Malhar, Shisham and Anhonee and some of his songs were amazingly modern in tenor for those times, like, ‘Taare Toote Duniya Dekhe..’ from Malhar. However his low profile approach did not win him great prominence commercially, though he was respected by his colleagues immensely. Roshan also gave major breaks to later big names like Indeevar (Malhar) and Anand Bakshi (Vallah, Kya Baat Hai, Devar etc).
His biggest strength was that he was very comfortable in mixing the folk music with the complex classical tunes. He use to make a fusion of folk and classical music and that too with ease. This was the speciality which belonged to Roshan only. It was his approach which made his music stand out from the others. In the 60’s, Roshan gave hits like,Barsaat Ki Raat, which featured hits like ‘Na To Karavan Ki Talaash Hai..’ and ‘Yeh Hai Ishq Ishq..’, Aarti (‘Ab Kya Misaal Doon..’), Devar (‘Baharon Ne Mera Chaman Lootkar..’), Bheegi Raat (‘Kahin To Milegi..’, ‘Dil Jo Na Kehsaka..’), Chitralekha (‘Sansaar Se Bhaagte Phirte Ho..’, ‘Man Re Tu Kahe Na..’), Taj Mahal (‘Jo Wada Kiya Who Nibhana Padega.’, ‘Paon Choo Lene Do..’), Bahu Begum (‘Hum Intezaar Karenge..’ and ‘Pad Gaye Jhoole..’), Dooj Ka Chand (‘Mehfil Se Uth Jaanewalon..’), Nai Umar Ki Nai Fasal (‘Carvan Guzar Gaya..’ and ‘Dekhti Hi Raho Aaj Tum..’ ), Dil Hi To Hai (‘Nigahen Milane Ko Ji Chahata Hai..’ and ‘Laaga Chunri Me Daag..’ ) and finally his swan song from Anokhi Raat (‘Oh Re Taal Mile..’ and ‘Mere Beri Ke Ber..’).
He had been suffering from chronic heart problem for more than 20 years.He died of a heart attack on 16 November 1967. His untimely demise caused a great loss to the film industry. He left behind his wife and sons Rakesh and Rajesh Roshan. In the 70’s Rakesh made his entry into the film industry as an actor., while, Rajesh is a noticeable music director. In the late 90’s Roshan’s grandson Hrithik Roshan made his successful debut in the film industry with Rakesh Roshan’s Kaho Na Pyar Hai.